Python vs R

O’Reilly emphasized in their report that Python and R both are two very popular programming tools for the working of the data science field. This report is based on a data science survey that is conducted by O’Reilly. Hence it becomes difficult for anyone to choose which one is the best between Python vs R. In fact, both Python vs R both are flexible data analytics languages. Both programming languages were developed at the start of the 1990s even though both are open-source and completely free.

 Python is essential for anyone interested in learning about different machines, creating complex data visualizations, and working with large datasets. R is essential as a general-purpose programming language for one who is interested in statistical analysis, even for python.

If you are a student of programming and confused about the difference between Python vs R., Then you came to the right place. This blog is helpful for you to understand the comparison between Python and R. Before going to discuss their differences, first of all, let’s check all the essential information about both.

What is Python?

Python is one of the utterly object-oriented programming languages. That means python makes groups of codes and data into objects that can easily modify and interact with one another. Python was released in 1989 to emphasize code efficiency and readability. C++, Java, and some other scales are examples of it. It is helpful for the data scientists to execute different programming works with great code readability, stability, and modularity.

In fact, data science is a small portion of the ecosystem of python. Python is a suite of specific machine learning libraries that contains many popular tools. Most of the data science programming language-related jobs can be done with these top five Python libraries, such as scipy, seaborn, NumPy, sci-kit-learn, and pandas. Most of the data science jobs can be done with five Python libraries: Numpy, Pandas, Scipy, Scikit-learn, and Seaborn.

Advantages and disadvantages of Python

If you want to understand the difference between Python vs R., then you should know about the advantages and disadvantages of both. So we are going to discuss some important advantages or disadvantages of python-:

Advantages of python

  •  The main reasons for Python’s popularity are its high speed, easy code readability, and many other functionalities.
  • Python provides high ease for deployment or reproducibility.
  • It is one of the general-purpose programming languages useful for data analysis.
  • Python is best for mathematical computations. It also helps you to learn how algorithms work.

Disadvantages of python

  • If you are using python, then it’s required rigorous testing as errors show up in runtime.
  • The visualizations system of python is more typical and complicated than R.
  •  Python doesn’t have as many libraries that R contains.
  •  Python does not allow us to get primary results that are allowed by R.

What is R?

R programming language was released in 1992. From day one of its releases, it becomes a programming language that is preferred by mostly data scientists for their works for many years.  The R programming language is also called a procedural language. Because it works differently; it breaks down a programming task into a series of subroutines, steps, and procedures. That becomes a plus point of R when it comes to creating any data model. Because if you are using the R programming language, it makes it easy to understand how we can carry out different complex operations.

The analysis-oriented community of R developed open-source packages for some specific typical models. There are many other features of R that some data scientists prefer to R for different scientific tasks.  The primary reason that most scientists prefer to R is the output. R has excellent tools to communicate with positive results. Such as Xie Yihui, Rstudio, etc.

Advantages and disadvantages of R

As we already discussed to understand the difference between Python and R. One should know the advantages or disadvantages of both first. So here we mention some important advantages and disadvantages of R-:

Advantages of the R

  • R has many functionalities for all types of data analysis.
  •  Most users are working with R because it is built around a command line.
  • R is widely considered as the best tool that is useful for making beautiful graphs and visualization.
  •  R is the best programming language for statistical analysis.

Disadvantages of R

  • The main problem of using R is that it takes too much time to find out the right packages to use in R.
  • R is completely dependent on some of its libraries.
  • If the code has written poorly, then R is considered as slow.
  •  R is not as popular as python is popular.

Some important difference between Python vs R

The basis of the differencePythonR
Main users

It is mainly used by developers and programmers.

It is mainly used by scholars and R&D.
Learning curvePython is a linear and smooth programming language hence it’s easy to learn.R seems difficult to learn in the beginning but it can be learned by practice.
It is good to deploy the algorithm.

It makes it easy to get primary results

It does not have many libraries like R

The slow high learning curve even that is totally dependent on the library

ObjectiveIts main objective is to deployment and production

Statistics and data analysis is the main objective of R.


If you are using python then you may know that it becomes easy to construct new models from scratch. Such as optimization, matrix, and computations.
If you are using R then it becomes easy to use the available library of R and that is very helpful in different tasks.

The popularity of Programming Language

Python is most popular at present.

R is also popular but not as popular as python.
It is well-integrated with app
R is run locally

Database size

It can easily handle huge size

It also can able to handle huge size
Important Packages and library Python includes TensorFlow, caret pandas, scipy,  scikit-learnR includes the zoo, diverse, ggplot2, caret, 

AdvantagesPython makes all typical tasks very easily such as speed, deployments, functions, and mathematical computations, etc.R makes graphs beautiful that are made to talk such as RMarkdown, large catalog for data analysis and Github interface.


We have mentioned all the important differences between Python vs R. We also provided you with all the detailed information about both programming languages that can help you to understand the difference between them. 

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